Electromyography (EMG) is a diagnostic procedure to assess the health of muscles and the nerve cells that control them. During a needle EMG, a needle electrode inserted directly into a muscle records the electrical activity in that muscle.
A nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test, another part of an EMG, uses electrode stickers applied to the skin to measure the speed and strength of signals traveling between two or more points.
An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that detects electrical activity in your brain using small, metal discs (electrodes) attached to your scalp. EEGs are safe and painless.
A Videonystagmography (VNG) evaluates balance function by assessing eye movement. Balance-related sensors in the inner ear are linked to muscles that control eye movement. This connection enables you to move your head while keeping your eyes focused on a point.
Carotid ultrasound is a safe, painless procedure that uses sound waves to examine the blood flow through the carotid arteries. Carotid ultrasound tests for blocked or narrowed carotid arteries, which can increase the risk of stroke. The results can help your doctor determine a treatment to lower your stroke risk.
In a transcranial Doppler ultrasound, sound waves are used to obtain images of your brain. It may be used to obtain information about the blood vessels in the brain.
This test is most often used to check for a Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO). With this approach, a sterile salt solution is shaken until tiny bubbles form and then is injected into a vein. The bubbles travel to the right side of your heart and appear on the echocardiogram.
If there's no hole between the left atrium and right atrium, the bubbles will simply be filtered out in the lungs. If you have a PFO, some bubbles will appear on the left side of the heart.
Neuropsychological tests measure psychological functions known to be linked to a particular brain structure. They can be used to evaluate memory, executive function, attention, visual/spatial/verbal function, problem solving skills, anxiety and depression.
Botox injections may be used to treat conditions such as chronic migraines, neck spasms (cervical dystonia), excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), painful muscle spasms (including facial muscles), spasticity after stroke, cerebral palsy and spinal injury. Botox injections block certain chemical signals from nerves, mostly signals that cause muscles to contract.
Psychotherapy is a general term for treating mental health problems by talking with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health provider. Psychotherapy helps you learn how to take control of your life and respond to challenging situations with healthy coping skills.
Cognitive or brain rehabilitation therapy helps people relearn functions lost as a result of a brain injury. These might include daily activities such as eating, dressing, walking or speech.
The pain of a migraine headache is often described as an intense pulsing or throbbing pain in one area of the head. However, it is much more; the International Headache Society diagnoses a migraine by its pain and number of attacks
Dizziness can range from fleeting faintness to a severe balance disorder that makes normal functioning impossible. Among adults over age 65, up to 30 percent experience dizziness.
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. It can cause changes in your behavior, movements or feelings, and in levels of consciousness.
A TBI is a brain dysfunction caused by an outside force, usually a violent blow to the head. It often occurs as a result of a car accident or severe sports injury.
The effects of traumatic brain injury are rarely confined within the brain itself. There are physical, physiological, neurological and psychological components of TBI, making it challenging both to diagnose and treat.
Complications may include: difficulty completing daily tasks, diminished physical ability and performance, negative impact on self-esteem, headache and neck pain, dizziness, visual disturbance, depression, mood swings, fatigue, sleep disturbance, memory loss, PTSD, or loss of smell and taste.
In more serious cases, delayed effects of TBI can include Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease or seizures.
The services provided to treat TBI in our clinic include: comprehensive neurological consultation, videonystagmography, electromyography, electroencephalography, neurosonography, cognitive testing and rehabilitation, psychotherapy, neuropsychology, neuro ophthalmology, trigger point and occipital block injections, therapeutic botox, and referrals and interpretation of imaging studies such as MRIs.
Treatment for TBI, as well as other neurological complications related to auto-accidents, is covered by medical payment through auto insurance, funding companies, or direct liens.